China’s infrastructure diplomacy strategy involves heavy investment in projects worldwide, creating dependencies and enhancing influence. Critics warn of debt traps and negative impacts, while supporters cite economic benefits.

China’s Infrastructure Diplomacy

China has been heavily investing in infrastructure projects globally, especially in developing nations. The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), started in 2013, aims to connect Asia, Europe, and Africa through various infrastructure networks like roads, railways, and ports.

Through infrastructure diplomacy, China builds or finances projects in other countries to gain economic, political, and strategic advantages. By creating dependencies, expanding markets, and securing resources, China enhances its influence and image.

Benefits and Challenges of China’s Infrastructure Diplomacy

China’s infrastructure diplomacy enhances its relationships with other countries by investing in projects like ports and power plants. This practice creates a win-win situation, where China gains resources and markets while recipient countries benefit from improved infrastructure.

However, critics argue that China’s infrastructure projects may lead to debt traps, environmental concerns, and challenges to existing international norms. Despite controversies, China’s infrastructure diplomacy strengthens its global influence.

Debt Trap Claims and Evidence

A report by the Center for Global Development shows that eight BRI loan recipient countries are at high risk of debt distress. Despite challenges, some experts dispute the debt trap narrative, highlighting the economic benefits of BRI projects and China’s flexibility in renegotiating loans.

As China continues to invest in global infrastructure projects, its role in international affairs strengthens. The impact of China’s infrastructure diplomacy on global stability and prosperity remains uncertain.

Source : How infrastructure diplomacy shapes China’s global influence

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